Fulltext – Ascochyta blight (Ascochyta rabiei (Pass.) Lab.) of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.): Breeding Strategies for Resistance. Ascochyta blight, a fungal disease caused by Ascochyta rabiei (Pass.) Labrousse , is the major constraint for chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Ascochyta blight caused by Ascochyta rabiei (Pass.) Labr. is one of the major disease of chickpea worldwide. Since there is report of variable number of races .
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Also, the question arises whether superior resistance in certain genotypes is due to elevated expression of one, or a combination, of these resistance factors Jayakumar et al. Use of random amplified polymorphic DNA markers for mapping the chickpea genome. If combined with maps generated from markers detecting. Progress has been done in chickpea research using several biotechnological tools in the last 10 years.
The centre of each lesion contains the small black fruiting bodies pycnidia arranged in concentric circles. Microsatellite markers for molecular breeding. Symptoms are found on lower leaves early in the season and upper leaves later in the season. More Spanish version Dr.
Khune, The Coelomycetes of India: Two linked QTLs, Leaf spotting symptoms are often associated with high humidity, warm temperatures, dense foliage, and leaves in contact with soil. Copper amine oxidase expression in defense responses to wounding and Ascochyta rabiei invasion.
Ascochyta – Wikipedia
Retrieved 21 February Retrieved from ” https: The optimum temperature for infection and development of A. Ascochyta blight of chickpea is caused by the fungus Ascochyta rabiei.
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Variability of some physic-chemical characters in Desi and Kabuli chickpea types. On stems and petioles, the lesions expand and girdle. Also, two complementary recessive, or two complementary dominant genes were detected. Findings of different researches suggest that wild Cicer species are needed to create mapping populations even though they do not possess resistant genes Cobos et al.
Localization of resistance genes for fusarium wilt races 4 and 5. Aggressive isolates of A. Modeling chickpea growth and development: India is also the largest importer of chickpea.
Five or six days after inoculation, the pycnidia mature, arranged in a circular pattern on the infected host tissue Fig.
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In rabiwi review, we summarize current situations and future prospect of necessities for changing from spring to winter sowing of chickpea as well as progresses in genome mapping and QTL analysis for ascochyta blight resistance in chickpea. Genotypic variation has been reported for ascochyta blight resistance in chickpea using both Mendelian and Quantitative Trait Loci QTL analyses, with conflicting reports about the mechanism of resistance.
Mapping a major gene for growth habit and QTLs for ascochyta blight resistance and flowering time in a population between chickpea and Cicer reticulatum. Investigations into the barrier s to interspecific hybridization between Cicer arietinum L.
A Catalog of Kabuli Chickpea Germplasm. Three or more fungicide applications are often necessary to effectively control Ascochyta blight when conditions are highly favorable for disease development. These cookies allow us to aascochyta information on user website activities including, but not limited to page views, source and time spent on a website.
Mapping of gene-specific markers on the genetic map of chickpea Cicer arietinum L.
PC Ascochyta Blight – Bugwoodwiki
Encyclopedia of Life EOL. It is important to note, however, that complete resistance to A. Plant only high quality seed free from the Aschochyta blight pathogen. Although, the evaluation of the world collection of chickpea germplasm for resistance to ascochyta blight revealed a very low frequency of resistant lines, there are some resistant genotypes in chickpea germplasm which can be used in breeding programs. This Add-on is available at http: Google Wikimedia Wikipedia Wikispecies.
Infection studies of Cicer arietinum L. Cicer bijugum is a species with several major resistance genes to ascochyta blight; therefore, cross between dabiei and this zscochyta need to be done using embryo rescue and other cytogenetic approaches Aryamanesh, Ascochyta Blight From Bugwoodwiki.
The asci are cylindrical, clavate and slightly curved. Similar progress needs to be achieved in chickpea, where several genetic resources among the wild germplasm are unexploited Rakshit et al. Cookies are small text files that contain a string of characters and uniquely identifies a browser. Revue de Pathologe et d’Entomologie Agricole de France. The relative importance of research programs in alleviating rwbiei biotic and abiotic stresses of chickpea is shown in Fig.
Stem lesions often lead to girdling of the stem and plant tissue death above the point of infection.
In initial studies low copy sequence RFLP markers revealed very low levels of polymorphism Udupa et al. Review Article Ascochyta blight Ascochyta rabiei Pass. The most important biotic stress limiting chickpea production worldwide is AB. Assessment of genetic diversity of cultivated chickpea using microsatellite- drived Ascochyt markers: For the same isolates Weising et al.