Julien Offroy de La Mettrie, (born Dec. 25, , Saint-Malo, Fr.—died Nov. 11, , Berlin), French physician and philosopher whose. Julien Offray de La Mettrie, the French physician and philosopher, was born in Saint-Malo, Brittany. After attending the Collège d’Harcourt, he studied medicine . La Mettrie, Julien Offray De(b. Saint-Malo, France, 19 December ; d.

Author: Akinozil JoJokasa
Country: Turks & Caicos Islands
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Literature
Published (Last): 24 September 2014
Pages: 315
PDF File Size: 10.47 Mb
ePub File Size: 10.67 Mb
ISBN: 798-6-43350-219-2
Downloads: 81243
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Taulmaran

Julien Offroy de La Mettrie

Accordingly, he diagnosed the greatest threat to felicity to be “remorse,” a morbid and “unnatural” symptom, emttrie he proposed, ever faithful to the Hippocratic oath, to alleviate in all and sundry, including even conscience-ridden criminals; he remarked that the practical control of social behavior was a political matter and no metyrie of his.

La Mettrie was born at Saint-Malo in Brittany on November 23,and was the son of a prosperous textile merchant. However, several additional features of his biography warrant mention.

You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. There in he published anonymously his infamous work, L’Homme machine Man a Machineaudaciously and impishly dedicating that radical work to the pious scholar Albrecht von Haller. During his illness he was struck with how much a disturbance in the body affects the thought of man. On the primary level, the man-machine offered a strictly mechanistic interpretation of how living things are constituted and function; as such it served, in the eighteenth-century milieu, to express the counterpart of animistic or vitalistic theorizing in biology.

History and Systems of Psychology 6 ed. Berlin, Germany, 11 November medicine, physiology, psychology, philosophy of science.

This paper reviews these two ground-breaking tracts noting that, although they are both materialistic, and hence worthy of the odium theologicum into which they fell, they are not materialistic in the Cartesian sense. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. In La Mettrie returned to Pariswhere he obtained the appointment of surgeon to the guards and accompanied the duke of Gramont to war.

After his studies at D’Harcourt, La Mettrie decided to take up the profession of medicine. Materialism and Society in the Mid-Eighteenth Century: The misapprehension of La Mettrie as a mechanist made him a figure often cited as a forerunner to modern interests in artificial intelligence and computer simulations of mental functions, and, to some degree, he is still invoked as a progenitor in these fields.


His strategy did not succeed very well, however, for the Aristotelianism on which he grafted his opinions served only to render them obscure and confused, yet apparently not quite obscure enough to prevent the authorities from recognizing and suppressing his “heretical” defense of materialism. The French ambassador to Prussia, Tirconnel, grateful to La Mettrie for curing him of an illness, held a feast in his honour.

Epicureanism and egoism in modern philosophy philosophical views In Western philosophy: Previous Juliana of the Netherlands. He did not believe in the existence of God.

Julien Offray de la Mettrie ().

Thank you for your feedback. A History of Psychology: His method of inquiry consisted in moving regularly from the empirical sphere of scientific facts and theories to that of philosophy proper — the latter being regarded, at least with respect to epistemological and psychological problems, as the logical extension of such branches of knowledge as anatomy, physiology, chemistry, medicine, and the like.

Supposing the observable differences in otfray behavior among the various species to be a question merely of degree, La Mettrie offeay these to the ascending order of complexity of be found in the central nervous apparatus of mammals from the lowliest up to man.

La Mettrie died in the house of Milord Tirconnel, the French plenipotentiary, whom he had julein to life.

History of “Julien La Mettrie” Note: InLa Mettrie entered the College d’Harcourt to study philosophy and natural science, probably graduating around How can we be held responsible for what we do if all is material?

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia. Wellman, Kathleen Anne, Jjulien Mettrie: La Mettrie thus became a leading expositor of the iatromechanistic philosophy of Boerhaave, to which he soon gave a ridical application quite unintended by his teacher.

The invalid was obliged to have recourse to the science of his colleagues, but he failed to find the succor that his own skill had so often afforded as well to himself as to the public. There were two distinguishable meanings present in this overall juliem, even though its author would no doubt have regarded them as inseparable. Nature had made him an orator and philosopher; but a yet more precious gift which he received from her, was a pure soul and an obliging heart. La Mettrie cited many examples showing how particular psychological states derived from physical factors: He next went to Leiden to complete his training under the celebrated Dr.


Julien La Mettrie – New World Encyclopedia

Moreover, his deterministic interpretation of human behavior, and his likening of it to that of animals, foreshadowed two familiar tenets of presentday behaviorist psychology.

La Mettrie’s absorption with medicine persisted after his return to Saint-Malo. So great was the outcry caused by its publication that La Mettrie was forced to quit his position with the French Guards, taking refuge in Leiden. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. The protest against his atheistic materialism was so strong that La Mettrie had to leave the country.

In accord with such and approach to psychology, La Mettrie envisioned a broad expansion of the ordinary limits set to the usefulness of medicine.

Julien Offray de la Mettrie (1709-1751).

We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. La Mettrie obtained a medical degree at Reims, studied medicine in Leiden under Hermann Boerhaave some of whose works he translated into Frenchand served as surgeon to the French military.

La Mettrie speculated that it is by virtue of the appropriate “material forms” and “substantial forms” that matter, actively organized by an intrinsic force motricerealizes its potential attributes of a “vegetative soul” and a “sensitive soul”; each of these, in turn, he makes the “directing principle” of the biological or juilen functions coming under its sway.